Monday, December 30, 2019

Utilitarianism And Immanuel Kant - 1213 Words

Immanuel Kant’s philosophical writings have influenced people all throughout the world. Centuries later, his works still form a major point of reference in studies carried out in the modern world. His writings have brought a new dimension in religion, law and history. Among his many works was the Metaphysics of Morals which is the subject of this paper. His view of morals is that our desires and emotions are categorically imperative, meaning that they are conscience driven. His philosophy is closely related to the golden rule which states that one should always act in accordance to the outcome that will give him the best outcome. The categorical imperative rule of Kant seems to suggest that actions must be universal for them to be†¦show more content†¦Moral law does not focus on consequences, but rather on the process of how an individual comes to a decision. Kant insists that a good will is not good because of its consequences, but because of its desire to do well fo r reasons other than itself. Other good features of human nature and the benefits of a good life have value conditionally, since they may be used either for good or for evil. However, a good will is intrinsically good because its value is comes from within itself and therefore is not influenced by external factors. This further relates to the categorical imperative in which, rational beings are to only act on maxims that could become universal law. Good will is guided and further developed through practical reason. Practical reason does not focus primarily on the achievement of happiness because a good will does not depend even on the consequences it produces. The moral value of the action resides in a maxim, which holds individuals responsible for their actions as a result of their duty. According to Kant, the ultimate indicator of morality must be a moral law leading to the right action when applied to every scenario. Therefore moral law must be general so as to be universal and able to be applied to every moral agent. Kant formulated that right actions are those that could be applied as moral law as part of his theory of moral obligation through the process of analyzing moral concepts. Although everything tends to act in accordanceShow MoreRelatedMoralism And Immanuel Kant And Utilitarianism1746 Words   |  7 Pagesargument when deciding based on moral beliefs, or solely on the consequences has always been a debate. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that focuses not on the action itself, but the consequences that come from those actions. In a point in time people began to look at their own philological teachings on the topic of mor ality and ethics. One being Kantian ethics which was formed by Immanuel Kant. 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